In simple terms, spirituality is a worldview and a way of life based on the belief that there is more to life than what meets the senses, more to the universe than just purposeless mechanics, more to consciousness than electrical impulses in the brain, and more to our existence than the body and its needs.

Spirituality usually involves the belief in a higher form of inteligence or Consciousness running the universe, as well as life after death. It exists to satisfy the deeper human thirst for meaning, peace, mystery, and truth.


Every spiritual practice should serve a definite purpose, according to what drives us to spirituality, and the goal we are seeking. I call this approach pragmatic spirituality. It’s not about continuing a tradition, or doing something because “we feel we should”, but to actively explore our inner world, driven by a specific question, thirst, or goal.

In the beginning, you may not know exactly what this pull is. That’s ok – it’s enough that it is authentic.

Here is an overview of the different types of spiritual practice, across multiple traditions. They seem to fall into three categories:

  • (a) practices of personal cultivation, sublimation, and exploration.
  • (b) practices of learning, understanding, absorbing.
  • (c) practices of external action.